What Can We Expect From the Ether ETFs?

May 24, 2024 7 min read
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The Official Approval of Ether ETFs

With the SEC’s official approval, eight spot Ether ETFs from major financial institutions, including VanEck, BlackRock, Fidelity, Grayscale, Franklin Templeton, ARK 21Shares, Invesco Galaxy, and Bitwise, have been greenlit to list and trade on their respective exchanges. This landmark decision came despite ongoing debates about whether Ether should be classified as a security. The SEC’s approval of the 19b-4 filings allows these ETFs to proceed, although issuers still need the SEC to sign off on their respective S-1 registration statements for trading to officially commence.

This approval signifies a major step forward for the cryptocurrency industry, providing a regulated and accessible avenue for institutional and retail investors to gain exposure to the Ethereum blockchain, through Ether. The inclusion of such high-profile financial institutions indicates strong confidence in Ethereum’s future and the potential for Ether to be included as a key asset in diversified investment portfolios. The involvement of these reputable firms is likely to enhance investor confidence and drive significant capital inflows into the Ether market, further solidifying its position as a leading digital asset.

The SEC’s decision to approve these ETFs despite the debate over whether Ether should be classified as a security, underscores a shift towards a more accommodating regulatory environment for cryptocurrencies. By greenlighting these ETFs, the SEC has acknowledged the growing demand for regulated crypto investment products and the importance of providing a clear and stable regulatory framework. This move is expected to encourage further innovation and adoption within the cryptocurrency space, potentially leading to the approval of ETFs based on other digital assets in the future.

The process is not yet complete, as the ETF issuers still require the SEC’s approval of their S-1 registration statements before trading can begin. This additional step ensures that all regulatory requirements are met and that the ETFs are ready for the market. Industry analysts suggest that this process could take several weeks to months, depending on the SEC’s review and any further amendments that may be needed. Nonetheless, the approval of the 19b-4 filings marks a significant milestone and sets the stage for the official launch of these groundbreaking financial products.

The SEC’s approval of spot Ether ETFs represents another pivotal moment for the cryptocurrency industry, signalling increased regulatory acceptance, a bit more clarity regarding the Ethereum ecosystem, and providing a new avenue for institutional investment in digital assets. This development is expected to drive significant market activity, enhance liquidity, and foster greater investor confidence in Ether and other cryptocurrencies. As the market continues to evolve, the introduction of these ETFs could pave the way for broader integration of digital assets into traditional financial systems, marking a new era of growth and innovation in the crypto space.

The Status of Ether ETFs Prior to the Announcement

The anticipation surrounding the approval of Ether exchange-traded funds (ETFs) in the U.S. reached a fever pitch in the weeks leading up to the SEC’s decision. Ether futures ETFs experienced a dramatic rise in daily trading volumes, setting new records and reflecting the market’s heightened expectations that approval was imminent. On May 21, 2024, Ether futures ETFs saw trading volumes peak at  $47.75 million, surpassing the previous high of $34.18 million. This surge was driven by growing anticipation that the SEC might approve spot Ether ETFs, marking a significant milestone for the cryptocurrency industry.

The trading activity was fuelled by two key factors. Firstly, there were unexpected signs that the SEC was suddenly warming up to the idea of spot Ether ETFs. In particular, the surprise news that the  SEC had requested exchanges such as Nasdaq, CBOE, and NYSE to fine-tune their applications for listing spot Ether ETFs, which is usually seen as  a precursor to approval. Secondly, Bloomberg ETF analysts Eric Balchunas and James Seyffart raised the probability of approval from 25% to 75%, as increasing political pressure on the SEC, and the growing institutional demand for crypto assets, made the ETFs more likely.

Despite the optimistic outlook, several factors however could have influenced the SEC’s decision the other way. One significant hurdle is the ongoing debate about whether Ether should be classified as a security, especially following its transition to a proof-of-stake  consensus mechanism. The SEC had expressed concerns over staking rewards, which could be seen as securities, because of the yield they offer on the asset. In response, several ETF applicants, including ARK Invest and Fidelity, amended their filings to exclude staking rewards, hoping to better align with the SEC’s regulatory framework. This cautious approach indicated that while there was optimism, the approval was not guaranteed and could be subject to further regulatory scrutiny.

The possibility of Ether ETFs receiving approval sparked significant excitement among crypto investors and market participants. An approved Ether ETF is expected to lead to a surge in institutional investment, providing more legitimacy and stability to the cryptocurrency market. Some analysts have predicted that the approval of Ether ETFs could drive Ether’s price to new highs, potentially reaching $4,000 in the short term and even higher later in the year.

The Unclear Regulatory Climate Surrounding Ether Prior to ETF Approval

The debate around whether Ether ETFs should be available has raged for some time and been a significant source of confusion. The United States SEC had been particularly active in scrutinising Ethereum and other Decentralised Finance (DeFi) protocols, leading to several enforcement actions, including subpoenas and Wells notices. This heightened regulatory focus impacted key players in the Ethereum ecosystem, such as Uniswap Labs and Consensys, highlighting the SEC’s aggressive stance towards the sector and contributing to widespread uncertainty.

But SEC Chairman Gary Gensler’s ambiguity on whether Ethereum should be classified as a security also created considerable uncertainty. Gensler remained ambiguous even up until the final hours before the approval. Critics, including Cinneamhain Ventures founder Adam Cochran, argued that this lack of clarity was stifling innovation and causing confusion among investors and developers. The SEC’s inconsistent messages exacerbated these concerns, with the agency not providing any  definitive guidance on how it would classify Ether.

Lawmakers and industry leaders repeatedly called for the SEC to provide comprehensive guidance on digital asset classification and regulations. However, the agency’s piecemeal approach and the absence of a cohesive regulatory framework left many market participants struggling to navigate the complex and evolving regulatory landscape.


Now we have ETFs for the two largest crypto assets in the world’s biggest capital markets, it means that the mainstream adoption of crypto as an investment has arrived. It will also have a significant impact on the trading environment for Ether and Bitcoin. Volatility is expected to be reduced and visibility and discourse about both assets is expected to be much higher given the potentially increased depth and diversity of investors in the asset.

The post appeared first on Bitfinex blog.

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