Documentation

Technical Indicators

Absolute Price Oscillator

The APO indicates the difference between two Moving Averages expressed in an absolute value. It is calculated by subtracting the long MA form the short MA. A positive value suggests an upward movement. Downward movement is reflected with a negative value.

How it works

The indicators consists of two EMAs but is represented as an oscillator since they are subtracted. So, upward crosses of the 0 line lead to a Buy; Downward crosses lead to a Sell.

Aroon

Using the Aroon indicator you can identify trends, their direction, and strength. Furthermore, you can spot if a coin is in a trading range rather than a trend. It does so by comparing the number of days since the last high and low for a specific period of time. If the last low is closer to the current price than the last high, it means that the price is trending down.

How it works

There are two lines: “Aroon up” (orange) and “Aroon down” (blue). The signals are given through upwards crossovers of both lines. If “Aroon up” crosses up “Aroon down”, you get a Buy signal. If “Aroon down” crosses up “Aroon down”, it is a Sell signal.

Aroon Oscillator

Aroon Oscillator calculates the difference between Aroon Up and Aroon Down (from Aroon) and is plotted in a graph that ranges from -100 to +100. Being positive values when Aroon Up is above Aroon down and negative values when Aroon Down is above Aroon up.

How it works

Aroon Oscillator gives a Buy signal when there is an upward cross with the 0 line and a Sell when here is a downward cross with the 0 line.

Bollinger Bands

Bollinger Bands is a volatility indicator that helps traders to identify upper and lower price range levels called bands. The indicator is displayed through three lines. One represents the moving average and the other two lines show one standard deviation below and one standard deviation above this average.

How it works

BBs give a Buy signal if the price breaks the lower band and Sell signal if it breaks the upper band.

Chaikin A/D Oscillator

Chaikin oscillator is a momentum indicator that adds volume to its analysis. It is an indicator of an indicator since it subtracts the 3-day EMA from the 10-day EMA (default values) of the Accumulation/Distribution line.

How it works

Chaikin gives a Buy signal when its line crosses up the 0 line and a Sell signal when it crosses down the 0 line.

Commodity Channel Index (CCI)

The CCI is a momentum indicator that measures the current price level in comparison to an average of a given number of past periods. If the price is above this average, the CCI will increase. If it is below, CCI will decrease.

How it works

CCI gives a Buy signal when its level lies in the oversold zone and it goes back inside the normal zone. A Sell signal is given when its level lies in the overbought zone and goes back inside the normal zone.

Directional Movement Index (DMI)

MI is a momentum indicator compound by 2 lines: an upward directional index (-DI) and a downward directional index (+DI). The DMI measures the strength of the positive and negative trends. When +DI crosses upwards -DI, it means that the price is increasing. When -DI crosses downwards +DI, means that the price decreases.

How it works

DMI gives buy and sell signals through +DI and -DI crossovers. When +DI crosses upwards -DI, it means that the price increases and, therefore, gives a Buy signal. When -DI crosses downwards +DI, it means that the price decreases and, therefore, gives a Sell signal.

Double Exponential Moving Average (DEMA)

The DEMA is a technical indicator used to predict and analyze price movements as well as reduce the lag time of traditional moving average indicators. It is said to be faster and smoother, relying on a combination of a double and a single EMAs.

How it works

DEMA gives a Buy signal when the fast MA crosses up the slow MA and a Sell signal when the fast MA crosses down the slow MA.

Exponential Moving Average (EMA)

The EMA is a moving average of the price similar to the Simple Moving Average (SMA). What differentiates EMA is that it places a greater weight on more recent prices. So, it reacts and adapts faster to recent prices compared to the SMA.

How it works

EMA gives a Buy signal when the fast MA crosses up the slow MA and a Sell signal when the fast MA crosses down the slow MA.

Kaufman’s Adaptive Moving Average (KAMA)

The Kaufman’s Adaptive Moving Average is a moving average based on a fast 2 periods EMA and a slower EMA of 30 periods. These are the default values. It also incorporates volatility, since it accounts for the efficiency ratio (ER), which is the price change adjusted for daily volatility.

How it works

KAMA gives a Buy signal when the fast MA crosses up the slow MA and a Sell signal when the fast MA crosses down the slow MA.

MESA Adaptive Moving Average (MESA)

The MESA is an adaptive Moving Average that adjusts to price movements “based on the rate change of phase as measured by the Hilbert Transform Discriminator”. It works with a fast and slow Moving Average, one responding to price changes quickly and the other serving as a longer-term average.

How it works

The MESA triggers a Buy signal when the fast MA lies above the slow MA and a Sell signal when the fast MA lies below the slow MA.

Momentum

Momentum compares current prices with past range of prices. It hovers around 0. If it increases, it means that the price is going up in comparison with past prices. Same reasoning for its decreasing levels.

How it works

Momentum gives a Buy signal when there is an upward cross with the centreline and a Sell when here is a downward cross with the centreline.

Money Flow Index (MFI)

The MFI is momentum oscillator that lends itself best to identify reversals and extreme price levels. Also known as the volume-weighted RSI, it mixes volume and price to analyze overbought and oversold zones. It is like the RSI but incorporates positive and negative money flow volumes to create an oscillator that ranges from zero and one hundred.

How it works

MFI gives a Buy signal when its level lies in the oversold region and a Sell signal when it lies in the overbought zone.

Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD)

The Moving Average Convergence/Divergence shows the relationship between a 26-candles EMA and a 12-candles EMA. From there, the MACD line is calculated by subtracting the first one from the second one. Additionally, traders take into account the so-called signal line, which is a 9-candles EMA of the MACD line.

How it works

MACD gives a Buy signal if, during the previous two candles, the MACD line was lower than the signal value and in the current candle the MACD value is higher than the signal one. A Sell signal will take place in the same way but the MACD line crossing down the signal line.

On Balance Volume (OBV)

The OBV is a cumulative momentum indicator, which measures positive and negative volume flows. It looks at the prices of a coin at close. If the close is at a level above that of the previous day, the volume will be added. Alternatively, the volume is subtracted when the closing price is above that of the previous day. This indicator is used to predict price movements and confirm price trends.

How it works

OBV gives a Buy signal when the OBV value crosses up its EMA and a Sell signal when it crosses down its EMA.

Parabolic SAR

Parabolic SAR helps to determine the price direction and when it might change. It is displayed by a series of dots above or below the price. If these ones are above the price the indicator suggests a downtrend. If they are below the price it suggests an uptrend.

How it works

Parabolic SAR gives a Buy signal every time that its level (dot) is below the price and Sell signal every time that its level is below the price.

Percent Change

Percent change after a specific number of periods.

How it works

After a pre-specified percentage change in the price for the last "x" periods, Buy or Sell signals are given when the percentage change is 1. Equal; 2. Equal or less; 3. Equal or greater; 4. Less; 5. Greater than the value selected.

Percentage Price Oscillator (PPO)

The PPO is a momentum indicator measuring the discrepancy between two Moving Averages, quite similar to the MACD indicator. This is done by assessing this difference as a percentage of the larger Moving Average. It is calculated by subtracting the larger EMA from the smaller EMA and then dividing the difference by the larger EMA.

How it works

PPO gives a Buy signal when its line crosses up the 0 line and a Sell signal when it crosses down the 0 line.

Rate of change (ROC)

ROC is a momentum oscillator. It measures and compares the percentage change of the current price with the price of a number of past periods. The user can decide how many n number of periods they want the indicator to take into account. It can be used to identify overbought and oversold conditions as well as spotting trends.

How it works

ROC gives a Buy signal when its line crosses up the 0 line a Sell signal when it crosses down the 0 line.

Relative Strength Index (RSI)

RSI is a momentum oscillator. It sets a range from 0 to 100 and assigns values for the oversold and overbought levels, 70 and 30 respectively as default values. Traders can use the RSI to measure price movements in terms of their speed and magnitude of change. It is a widely used and reliable indicator for tracking price changes.

How it works

RSI gives a Buy signal when its level is in the oversold zone and a Sell signal when it is in the overbought zone.

Simple Moving Average (SMA)

A Simple Moving Average is an average of the price a certain number of periods (candles) ago. For instance, a 14 periods SMA will calculate the average of the price for the last 14 periods. SMA is a moving average and not fixed since it is updated after a new candle is formed, thereby creating a line that smoothes the price fluctuations.

How it works

SMA gives a Buy signal when the fast MA crosses up the slow MA and a Sell signal when the fast MA crosses down the slow MA.

Stochastic

Stochastic is a momentum indicator. It sets a range from 0 to 100 and assigns values for the oversold and overbought areas, 80 and 20 respectively (default values). It is compound by 2 lines. The K-line, which analyses a past range of the price to compare it with the current price, and the D line, which is a 3 period moving average of the K-line.

How it works

Stochastic gives a buy signal when its level is in the oversold zone and a sell signal when it is in the overbought zone.

Stochastic RSI

StochRSI is formed from the Stochastic and RSI. It applies the Stochastic formula to RSI values, instead of prices. StochRSI works very similarly to the Stochastic, it is designed to enhance sensitivity and generate more buy and sell signals. Its overbought and oversold values are 80 and 20 respectively (default values).

How it works

StochRSI gives a buy signal when its level is in the oversold zone and a sell signal when it is in the overbought zone.

T3 Tillson Moving Average

The T3 Tillson Moving Average is an EMA that offers a better smoothing than traditional moving averages. It is formed by subtracting the EMA of an EMA, being both multiplied by a so-called volume factor (a value between 0 and 1).

How it works

T3 gives a buy signal when the fast MA crosses up the slow MA and a sell signal when the fast MA crosses down the slow MA.

Time Series Forecast

Time Series Forecast displays a trend of the price based on a linear regression of the last “x” days, therefore giving every candle a value that will create a sort of moving average.

How it works

Time Series Forecast (TSF) gives a Buy signal when the TSF line crosses up the MA and a Sell signal when the TSF line crosses down the MA.

Triangular Moving Average (TMA)

The TMA is a moving average that gives more weight to the middle section of the price interval. Its purpose is to double-smooth the price data, meaning its a double average. TMA has a significant lag to current prices and would likely not work properly in very volatile and fast moving markets.

How it works

TMA gives a buy signal when the fast MA crosses up the slow MA and a sell signal when the fast MA crosses down the slow MA.

Triple Exponential Moving Average (TEMA)

The TEMA is a technical indicator is used to smooth price fluctuations, filter out volatility and reduce the lag in traditional moving averages. In an additional step to the Double Exponential Moving Average (DEMA), it is a combination of a single, double and triple EMA.

How it works

TEMA gives a buy signal when the fast MA crosses up the slow MA and a sell signal when the fast MA crosses down the slow MA.

Ultimate Oscillator (UO)

The UO measures the current buying pressure in comparison with three-time frames indicated on range from 0 to 100. This is done to outperform momentum oscillators that only focus on one timeframe. The buying pressure is calculated as the difference between the current close of a candle to the current low or prior close. Additionally, the UO incorporates the "true range", signifying the true size of a gain or loss.

How it works

UO gives a buy signal when its level is in the oversold zone and a sell signal when it is in the overbought zone.

Weighted Moving Average (WMA)

WMA is a moving average designed to react faster to price movements as others like it. For instance, by assigning greater weight to more recent price data it is more reactive than exponential moving averages. Traders can use the WMA to determine trend direction but also to locate support and resistance areas.

How it works

WMA gives a Buy signal when the fast MA crosses up the slow MA and a Sell signal when the fast MA crosses down the slow MA.

Williams %R

Williams %R is a momentum indicator comparing the current close to the highest high for a given look-back period. The indicator moves between 0 to 100, where a level between 0-20 signifies overbought and 80 to 100 shows oversold conditions. It is, therefore, quite a handy tool to spot entry and exit points.

How it works

Williams %R gives a Buy signal when its level is in the oversold zone and a Sell signal when it is in the overbought zone.

Candle Patterns

Abandoned Baby Bearish

An Abandoned Baby Bearish is a bearish reversal pattern represented by three candles. The first candle has a long body and upward movement. The middle one is a Doji, followed by a candle with long body and a downward movement.

Abandoned Baby Bullish

An Abandoned Baby Bullish is a bullish reversal pattern represented by three candles. The first candle has a long body and downward movement. The middle one is a Doji, followed by a candle with long body and an upward movement.

Advance Block

The Advance Block is a bearish reversal pattern represented by three candles. During an upward movement, the three candles have progressively shorter bodies. The wick of the candle becomes progressively longer with every candle. Finally, the last candle is represented with a short body and a long wick, having the shape of a Hamer.

Belt-hold Bearish

The Belt-hold Bearish is a bearish reversal pattern represented by one candle. After an upward movement, this candle opens at the period’s high and, afterward, closes near its low.

Belt-hold Bullish

The Belt-hold Bullish is a bullish reversal pattern represented by one candle. After a downward movement, this candle opens at the period’s low and, afterward, close near its high.

Breakaway Bearish

The Breakaway Bearish is a bearish reversal pattern represented by 5 candles. The first candle is a long candle with an upward movement, followed by three consecutive candles with increasing prices. The last candle starts a downward movement and its size will cover the previous three increasing candles.

Breakaway Bullish

The Breakaway Bullish is a bullish reversal pattern represented by 5 candles. The first candle is a long candle with a downward movement, followed by three consecutive candles with lower prices. The last candle starts an upward movement and its size will cover the previous three decreasing candles.

Closing Marubozu Bearish

Closing Marubozu Bearish is a bearish pattern and represents by one candle. This one has a long body and short, or none, wicks with a downward movement.

Closing Marubozu Bullish

Closing Marubozu Bullish is a bullish pattern and represents by one candle. This one has a long body and short, or none, wicks with an upward movement.

Concealing Baby Swallow

Concealing Baby Swallow is a bullish reversal pattern represented by 4 candles. The first two candles have a long body and short wicks (Marubozu) with a downward direction. The third candle eats into the body of the previous candle and closes at a lower level but close to the prior low. The last candle totally engulfs the third one and closes below that one and near its low.

Counterattack Bearish

Counterattack Bearish is a bearish reversal pattern represented by 2 candles. During an upward trend, a first increasing candle with a long body and short wick is followed by a second candle going downwards and closing near the first candle’s close.

Counterattack Bullish

Counterattack Bullish is a bullish reversal pattern represented by 2 candles. During a downward trend, a first decreasing candle with a long body and short wick is followed by a second candle going upwards and closing near the first candle’s close.

Dark Cloud Cover

Dark Cloud Cover is a bearish reversal pattern represented by 1 candle after an upward trend. During an uptrend, bulls keep pushing the price up until the bears start dominating the market. This is represented by a candle that makes a new high but closes below the middle point of the previous candle, then initiating a potential downward movement.

Doji Star Bearish

Doji Star Bearish is a bearish reversal pattern represented by 2 candles. During an uptrend, the first candle is increasing and has a long body. This one is followed by a Doji that opens and closes above the previous candle.

Doji Star Bullish

Doji Star Bullish is a bullish reversal pattern represented by 2 candles. During a downtrend, the first candle is decreasing and has a long body. This one is followed by a Doji that opens and closes below the previous candle.

Downside Gap Three Methods Bullish

This is a bullish reversal pattern represented by 3 candles. During a downtrend, the first candle decreases and has a long body. The second candle, still decreasing, opens below the low of the previous one, then featuring a gap. The third one starts increasing and closes within the body of the first candle.

Downside Tasuki Gap

Downside Tasuki Gap is a bearish continuation pattern represented by 3 candles. During a downtrend, the first candle is decreasing followed by another red candle that has gapped below the previous close. The third candle is increasing and closes within the previous gap.

Dragonfly Doji

Dragonfly Doji is a bearish reversal pattern represented by one candle. This candle has the shape of a Doji with a long lower wick and no upper wick.

Engulfing Bearish

The bearish engulfing pattern is a bearish reversal pattern. It is represented by two candles. The second candle totally engulfs the first one and starts a downward movement.

Engulfing Bullish

The bullish engulfing pattern is a bullish reversal pattern. It is represented by two candles. The second candle totally engulfs the first one and starts an upward movement.

Evening Doji Star

Evening Doji Star is a bearish reversal pattern represented by 3 candles. During an uptrend, a long increasing candle is followed by a Doji. The third candle decreases, has long body and closes below the midpoint of the first candle.

Evening Star

Evening Star is a bearish reversal pattern represented by 3 candles. During an uptrend, a long increasing candle is followed by small-bodied candle still increasing. The third candle decreases, has a long body and closes below the midpoint of the first candle.

Falling Three Methods

Falling Three Method is a continuation bearish pattern represented by 5 candles. During a downtrend, a decreasing long candle forms, followed by three increasing candles with small bodies. Finally, a decreasing candle with a long body covers the previous three candles and closes below the previous low of that range.

Gravestone Doji

Gravestone Doji is a bearish reversal pattern represented by 1 candle. This candle has the low, open and closes around the same price, while the higher features a long upper wick.

Hammer

A hammer is a bullish reversal pattern. It is represented during a downwards trend and as a candle with a long lower wick and short body at the top.

Hanging Man

A hanging man is a bearish reversal pattern. It is represented during an upwards trend and as a candle with a long lower wick and short body at the top.

Harami Bearish

Harami Bearish is a bearish reversal pattern represented by 2 candles. The first candle is an increasing candle with long body, followed by a small decreasing candle within the range of the previous one.

Harami Bullish

Harami Bullish is a bullish reversal pattern represented by 2 candles. The first candle is a decreasing candle with long body, followed by a small increasing candle within the range of the previous one.

Harami Cross Bearish

Harami Cross Bearish is a bearish reversal pattern represented by 2 candles. During an uptrend, the first candle keeps increasing and has a long body. The second candle is a small Doji, then, suggesting that the current uptrend might end.

Harami Cross Bullish

Harami Cross Bullish is a bullish reversal pattern represented by 2 candles. During an uptrend, the first candle keeps decreasing and has a long body. The second candle is a small Doji, then, suggesting that the current downtrend might end.

High-Wave Bearish

High-Wave Bearish is a bearish pattern represented by 1 candle. It has a small body, long wicks and represents indecision in the market but with higher probabilities to go down since the bears won the battle and the candle closed below its opening price.

High-Wave Bullish

High-Wave Bullish is a bullish pattern represented by 1 candle. It has a small body, long wicks and represents indecision in the market but with higher probabilities to go up since the bulls won the battle and the candle closed above its opening price.

Hikkake Bearish

Hikkake Bearish is a bearish pattern represented by at least 3 candles. The first candle has a long body and features the higher high and lowest low of a small time span. The second candle is totally engulfed by the previous one. Finally, the third candle slightly breaks the minimum of the 1st candle (triggering stop-losses) and initiates a downtrend.

Hikkake Bullish

Hikkake Bullish is a bullish pattern represented by at least 3 candles. The first candle has a long body and features the higher high and lowest low of a small time span. The second candle is totally engulfed by the previous one. Finally, the third candle slightly breaks the maximum of the 1st candle (triggering stop-losses) and initiates an uptrend.

Homing Pigeon Bearish

Homing Pigeon Bearish is a bearish pattern represented by 2 candles. During an uptrend, the first candle is increasing and has a long body. This one is followed by a smaller candle located within the range of the first candle and still closing above its opening price. This means that the current trend is fading and might reverse.

Homing Pigeon Bullish

Homing Pigeon Bullish is a bullish pattern represented by 2 candles. During a downtrend, the first candle is decreasing and has a long body. This one is followed by a smaller candle located within the range of the first candle and still closing below its opening price. This means that the current trend is fading and might reverse.

Identical Three Crows

Identical Three Crows is a bearish pattern represented by 3 candles. During an uptrend, the three following candles start decreasing, being their opening price near the close of the prior candle and with similar sizes of the candle and body.

In-Neck

In-Neck is a bearish continuation pattern represented by 2 candles. During a downtrend, a long decreasing candle is followed by a small increasing candle that opens below the previous candle and closes slightly above the previous close.

Inverted Hammer

An inverted hammer is a bearish reversal pattern. It is represented during an upwards trend and as a candle with a long upper wick and a short body at the bottom.

Kicking Bearish

Kicking Bearish is a bearish pattern represented by 2 candles. During an uptrend, a white long increasing candle forms (Marubozu), which is followed by another decreasing Marubozu. This second candle opens with a small gap in between both.

Kicking Bullish

Kicking Bullish is a bullish pattern represented by 2 candles. During a downtrend, a white long decreasing candle forms (Marubozu), which is followed by another increasing Marubozu. This second candle opens with a small gap in between both.

Kicking by Length Bearish

Kicking by Length Bearish determined by the longer marubozu

Kicking by Length Bullish

Kicking by Length Bullish determined by the longer marubozu

Ladder Bottom

Ladder Bottom is a bullish reversal pattern represented by 5 candles. During a downtrend, the first three candles have a long decreasing body. The fourth candle also decreases and has the shape of an Inverted Hammer. Finally, the last candle is a long increasing candle that opens above the previous close.

Ladder Top

Ladder Top is a bearish reversal pattern represented by 5 candles. During an uptrend, the first three candles have a long increasing body. The fourth candle also increases and has the shape of a Hammer. Finally, the last candle is a long decreasing candle that opens below the previous close.

Long Line Bearish

Long Line Bearish is a bearish continuation pattern represented by one candle. It is very similar to a Marabozu, that is, a long candle with a big body moving, in this case, down. Which indicates a strong bearish pressure in the market.

Long Line Bullish

Long Line Bullish is a bullish continuation pattern represented by one candle. It is very similar to a Marabozu, that is, a long candle with a big body moving, in this case, up. Which indicates a strong bullish pressure in the market.

Marubozu Bearish

Marubozu Bearish is a bearish pattern and represents by one candle. This one has a long body and short, or none, wicks with a downward movement.

Marubozu Bullish

Marubozu Bullish is a bullish pattern and represents by one candle. This one has a long body and short, or none, wicks with an upward movement.

Mat Hold Bearish

Mat Hold Bearish is a bearish continuation pattern represented by 5 candles. During a downtrend, the first candle is a long decreasing candle, followed by three increasing candles with small bodies. Finally, the fifth candle has a long decreasing body and will set a new low for this range of 5 candles.

Mat Hold Bullish

Mat Hold Bullish is a bullish continuation pattern represented by 5 candles. During an uptrend, the first candle is a long increasing candle, followed by three decreasing candles with small bodies. Finally, the fifth candle has a long increasing body and will set a new low for this range of 5 candles.

Matching Low

Matching Low is a bullish reversal pattern represented by 2 candles. During a downtrend, the first candle is a long decreasing candle. The second candle with a smaller body also decreases and closes at the same level than the previous candle, therefore, generating a resistance.

Modified Hikkake Bearish

Modified Hikkake Bearish is a continuation bearish pattern represented by 3 candles. The first candle decreases and has a long body. The next one, closes above the previous low and has a higher high. Finally, the third one decreases, has a long body and makes a new low.

Modified Hikkake Bullish

Modified Hikkake Bullish is a continuation bullish pattern presented by 3 candles. During an uptrend, the first candle increases and has a long body. The next one, closes below the previous high and has a lower low. Finally, the third one increases, has a long body and makes a new high.

Morning Doji Star

Morning Doji Star is a bullish reversal pattern represented by 3 candles. During a downtrend, the first candle is a long decreasing candle, followed by a Doji closing below the previous low. The third candle is a long increasing candle closing above the midpoint of the first candle.

Morning Star

Morning Star is a bullish reversal pattern represented by 3 candles. During a downtrend, the first candle is a long decreasing candle. The second one is the so-called “star” which has closing below the previous low. The third candle is a long increasing candle closing above the midpoint of the first candle.

On-Neck

On-Neck is a bearish continuation pattern represented by 2 candles. During a downtrend, a long decreasing candle is followed by a small increasing candle with the shape of a Rickshaw man that opens below the previous candle and closes near the previous low.

Piercing

Piercing is a bullish reversal pattern represented by 2 candles. During a downtrend, the first candle is a long decreasing candle. The second one is an increasing long candle that closes above the midpoint of the previous candle.

Rickshaw Man

Rickshaw Man is a pattern that represents indecision in the market. Bulls and bears fight to drive the price up or down creating long wicks but finally the open and close are practically equal.

Rising Three Methods

Rising Three Method is a continuation bullish pattern represented by 5 candles. During an uptrend, an increasing long candle forms, followed by three decreasing candles with small bodies. Finally, an increasing candle with a long body covers the previous three candles and closes above the previous high of that range.

Separating Lines Bearish

Separating Lines Bearish is a continuation bearish pattern represented by 2 candles. During a downtrend, a first long bullish candle is followed by another long but decreasing candle that will open at the same price of the previous candle open and make a new low.

Separating Lines Bullish

Separating Lines Bullish is a continuation bullish pattern represented by 2 candles. During an uptrend, a first long bearish candle is followed by another long but increasing candle that will open at the same price of the previous candle open and make a new high.

Shooting Star

Shooting Star is a bearish reversal pattern represented by 1 candle. It is a red candle with a small body and long upper wick.

Short Line Bearish

Short Line Bearish is a bearish pattern represented by 1 candle. It is a red candle with its open and closes very near to each other. The wicks have a medium size and don’t matter to define a Short Line.

Short Line Bullish

Short Line Bullish is a bullish pattern represented by 1 candle. It is a red candle with its open and closes very near to each other. The wicks have a medium size and don’t matter to define a Short Line.

Spinning Top Bearish

Spinning Top Bearish is a bearish-indecision pattern represented by 1 candle. It has a short body and long wicks at both sides. The Spinning Top Bearish closes below its open.

Spinning Top Bullish

Spinning Top Bullish is a bullish-indecision pattern represented by 1 candle. It has a short body and long wicks at both sides. The Spinning Top Bullish closes below its open.

Stalled Pattern Bearish

Stalled Pattern Bearish is a bearish pattern represented by 3 candles. During an uptrend, the first candle is increasing an with a long body, followed by a second increasing candle with a shorter body and short upper and lower wick. Finally, the last candle still increasing but doesn’t break the previous high, then making a resistance.

Stalled Pattern Bullish

Stalled Pattern Bullish is a bullish pattern represented by 3 candles. During a downtrend, the first candle is decreasing an with a long body, followed by a second decreasing candle with a shorter body and short upper and lower wick. Finally, the last candle still decreasing but doesn’t break the previous high, then making a support.

Stick Sandwich Bearish

Stick Sandwich Bearish is a bearish pattern represented by 3 candles. During a downtrend, the first candle is decreasing, followed by a second green candle that closes above the previous high. Finally, the third candle decreases again and doesn’t break the previous low, then creating a support.

Stick Sandwich Bullish

Stick Sandwich Bullish is a bullish pattern represented by 3 candles. During an uptrend, the first candle is increasing, followed by a second red candle that closes below the previous low. Finally, the third candle increases again and doesn’t break the previous high, then creating a resistance.

Takuri Line

Takuri Line is a bullish pattern represented by 1 candle. It is very similar to a Hammer. It is a candle with a short body and a long lower wick.

Three Advancing White Soldiers

Three Advancing White Soldiers is a bullish reversal pattern represented by three candles. After a downward trend, every candle has a long body and an upward direction.

Three Black Crows

The Identical Three Crows is a bearish reversal pattern represented by three candles. After an upward trend, every candle has a long body and a downward direction.

Three Inside Up/Down Bearish

Three Inside Up/Down Bullish is a bullish reversal pattern represented by 3 candles. During an upward trend, the first candle of the pattern has a long body and is still going up. Following this one, the next candle is decreasing, has a small body and closes within the body of the previous one. Finally, the third candle is decreasing and closes below the second candle.

Three Inside Up/Down Bullish

Three Inside Up/Down Bullish is a bullish reversal pattern represented by 3 candles. During a downward trend, the first candle of the pattern has a long body and is still going down. Following this one, the next candle is increasing, has a small body and closes within the body of the previous one. Finally, the third candle is increasing and closes above the second candle.

Three Outside Up/Down Bearish

Three Outside Up/Down Bearish is a bearish reversal pattern represented by 3 candles. During an uptrend, the first candle is still going up and is followed by a second candle that decreases and completely contains the first candle. Finally, the third candle also decreases and close below the second candle.

Three Outside Up/Down Bullish

Three Outside Up/Down Bullish is a bullish reversal pattern represented by 3 candles. During a downtrend, the first candle is still going down and is followed by a second candle that increases and completely contains the first candle. Finally, the third candle also increases and close above the second candle.

Three Stars In The South

Three Stars In The South is a bullish reversal pattern represented by 3 candles. During a downtrend, the first candle has a long body and relatively medium lower wick. The second candle decreases, has a short body and a lower high than the previous one. The third candle is also decreasing, has a shorter body than the previous one and is totally engulfed by the second candle.

Three-Line Strike Bearish

Three-Line Strike Bearish is a continuation pattern represented by 4 candles. During a downtrend, the first three candles, with a short body, start increasing. The fourth candle will decrease again and engulf the previous three rising candles. Therefore, it will continue with the downtrend.

Three-Line Strike Bullish

Three-Line Strike Bullish is a continuation pattern represented by 4 candles. During an uptrend, the first three candles, with a short body, start decreasing. The fourth candle will increase again and engulf the previous three decreasing candles. Therefore, it will continue with the uptrend.

Tri-Star Bearish

Tri-Star Bearish is a bearish pattern represented by 3
candles. During an uptrend, the next three candles are Dojis, the first two ones going upwards and the last one downwards, then potentially initiating a downtrend.

Tri-Star Bullish

Tri-Star Bullish is a bullish pattern represented by 3 candles. During a downtrend, the next three candles are Dojis, the first two ones going downwards and the last one upwards, then potentially initiating an uptrend.

Two Crows

Two Crows is a bearish reversal pattern represented by two candles. After an upward trend, every candle has a long body and a downward direction.

Unique 3 River

Unique 3 River is a bullish reversal pattern represented by 3 candles. During a downtrend, the first candle is decreasing and has a long body, is followed by a red hammer with a long lower wick that sets a new minimum. The third candle has a short body, short wicks and doesn’t make any new low or high.

Up/Down-gap side-by-side white lines Bearish

This is a bearish continuation pattern represented by 3 candles. During a downtrend, the first candle, with a medium size, decreases. The second candle opens below the close of the previous candle, then making a gap. The third candle has the same shape and length than the previous one and closes at the same level, featuring a support.

Up/Down-gap side-by-side white lines Bullish

This is a bullish continuation pattern represented by 3 candles. During an uptrend, the first candle, with a medium size, increases. The second candle opens above the close of the previous candle, then making a gap. The third candle has the same shape and length than the previous one and closes at the same level, featuring a resistance.

Upside Gap Three Methods Bearish

This is a bearish reversal pattern represented by 3 candles. During an uptrend, the first candle increases and has a long body. The second candle, still increasing, opens above the high of the previous one, then featuring a gap. The third one starts decreasing and closes within the body of the first candle.

Upside Gap Two Crows

Upside Gap Two Crows is a bearish reversal pattern represented by 3 candles. During an uptrend, the first candle increases and has a long body. This is followed by a bearish candle that creates a small upwards gap between the previous close and its open. The third candles also decreases and features an upwards gap, closing below the previous one.

Upside Tasuki Gap

Upside Tasuki Gap is a bullish continuation pattern represented by 3 candles. During an uptrend, the first candle increases. This is followed by another green candle with a small body that opens above the previous high, then creating a gap. The last candle is red and has the opening price within the body of the previous one and closes below the previous low.